Applications of Copper Sulfate

Major Uses

Root Killing in Sewer Pipes

Algae Control in Lakes and Ponds

Growth stimulant for fattening pigs and broiler chickens

Correction of copper deficiency in soils

Control of Copper Deficiency in Livestock.

Public Health and Medicine

Prevention of the spread of athlete's foot in warm climates, by incorporation in the flooring mixture of swimming baths

Catalyst or raw material for the preparation of copper catalysts used in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products

Industry Adhesives

Preservative in casein and other glues

Additive to book binding pastes and glues, for insecticidal purposes

Additive to animal and silicate glues to give water resistance


Timber preservative and in the preparation of other wood preservatives, e.g. oil based copper naphthenates and water based copper/chrome/arsenic for the prevention of woodworms and wood rots

Ingredient of concrete, both as a coloring matter and as an antiseptic, e.g. for use in and around swimming pools

Modification of the setting of concrete


Preparation of catalysts for use in many industries

Purification of gases, e.g. removal of hydrogen chloride and hydrogen sulphide

Precipitation promoter in purifying zinc sulphate solutions

Precipitation of alkaloids as double salts from crude extracts

Source of other copper compounds such as copper carbonate silicate/arsenite/aceto-arsenite/resinate/stearate/tartrate/oleate naphthenate/chromate/chlorate/alginate/fluoride/hydroxide, cuprous oxide/chloride/cyanide and cuprammonium compounds

Decorative trades

Coloring glass

Coloring cement and plaster

Coloring ceramic wares

Alteration of metal colors, e.g. darkening of zinc, coloring aluminium


Reagent in the preparation of dyestuffs intermediates

Catalyst or raw material for the preparation of copper catalysts, e.g. preparation of phenols from diazo compounds, preparation of phthalocyanine dyes


Mordant in dyeing

Reagent in tanning processes

Metal and Electrical

Electrolyte in copper refining

Electrolyte in copper plating and electro forming

Electrolytic manufacture of cuprous compounds, e.g. cuprous oxide

Constituent of the electrodes and electrolytes in batteries

Electrolyte in the manufacture of copper powder

Electrolyte in aluminium plating and anodizing

Copper coating steel wire, prior to wire drawing

Pickling copper wire, etc., prior to enameling

Providing a suitable surface for marking out iron and steel


Flotation reagent in the concentration of ores, e.g. zinc blend


Raw material for the manufacture of copper naphthenate and other copper compounds for use in anti-fouling paints

Preparation of certain varnish or paint dryers, e.g. copper oleate, copper stearate

Preparation of certain pigments, e.g. copper chromate, copper ferrocyanide, copper phthalocyanine


Etching agent for process engraving

Electrolyte in the preparation of electrotype

Ingredient of printing inks

Synthetic rubber and petroleum

Preparation of catalysts used in cracking certain gaseous and liquid petroleum fractions

Preparation of cuprous chloride, used in the purification of butadiene and in the separation of acetylene derivatives

Preparation of catalysts used in chlorinating rubber latex

Purification of petroleum oils


Preparation of copper compounds for rot-proofing canvas and other fabrics

Rot-proofing sandbags

Mordant, especially in calico printing

Cuprammonium process for the production of rayon

Production of aniline black and diazo colors for dyeing

"After coppering" to increase the fastness of dyes

Catalyst in the manufacture of cellulose ethers and in cellulose acetylation


Improving the burning qualities of coke

Laboratory analytical work

Ingredient of laundry marking ink

Dyeing of hair and horn

Ingredient of hair dyes of the phenylene diamine or pyrogallol type

Preparation of chlorophyll as a coloring material for food stuffs

Imparting a green color in fireworks

Activator in the preparation of active carbons

Preservative for wood pulp

Preservation of fishing nets and hides on trawls

Obtaining a blue-black finish on steel

Treatment of carbon brushes

Ingredient of the solution used for preserving plant specimens in their natural colors

Impregnation in fruit wrapping papers to prevent storage rots

Seed dressing

Control and prevention of foot rot in sheep and cattle

Disinfectant in prevention of the spread of swine erysepelas and white scours in calves

Control of scum in farm ponds

Plant nutrient in rice fields

Preservative for wooden posts, wooden buildings, etc.

Preservative for wooden fruit boxes, planting baskets and other containers

Stimulant of latex yield on rubber plantations

Protection against algal growths on flower pots